The cost of passage through the Bosphorus and Dardanelles is set to increase by more than 8%
The Turkish government has raised the fee for ships passing through the Bosphorus and Dardanelles straits, the newspaper Aydinlik reports, citing a ruling by the General Directorate of Maritime Affairs of the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure.
The key waterways are the only way to move cargoes between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean.
The fee increase of 8.3% comes into effect on July 1, and is projected to bring Ankara's annual revenue from the straits to $900 million. Commercial ships will now pay $4.42 per ton.
Under the 1936 Montreux Convention, Türkiye retains the right to charge lighthouse, rescue and medical fees from vessels passing through the Bosphorus and entering and leaving the Dardanelles.
In October, Ankara raised the transit fee through the straits five times, having abolished the currency exchange payment system that was fixed with a 75% discount in 1983.
At the time of signing the Montreux pact in 1936, the entire calculation was made based on the gold franc, which was equivalent to $0.80, whereas in October of last year, the franc's value rose to $4.08.
Türkiye, in line with the international rights granted to it by the international convention, has increased the franc's value, which is determined by the income it receives from the straits.
The Montreux Convention regulates maritime traffic through the Turkish straits and guarantees complete freedom of passage for all civilian vessels in times of peace. Ankara has a right to shut the narrow Bosphorus and Dardanelles to foreign warships during a conflict, and to merchant vessels from countries at war with Türkiye.
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